Important Information About Procedures for Opening a New Account
To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, Federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person who opens an account.
What this means for you: when you open an account, we will ask for your name, address, date of birth, and other information that will allow us to identify you. We may also ask to see your driver's license or other identifying documents.
This document, along with any other documents we give you pertaining to your account(s), is a contract that establishes rules which control your account(s) with us. Please read this carefully. If you sign the membership application or open or continue to have your account with us, you agree to these rules. You will receive a separate schedule of rates, qualifying balances, and fees if they are not included in this document. If you have any questions, please call us.
This agreement is subject to applicable federal laws and the laws of the state of Indiana (except to the extent that this agreement can and does vary such rules or laws). The body of state and federal law that governs our relationship with you, however, is too large and complex to be reproduced here. The purpose of this document is to:
* summarize some laws that apply to common transactions;
* establish rules to cover transactions or events which the law does not regulate;
* establish rules for certain transactions or events which the law regulates but permits variation by agreement; and
* give you disclosures of some of our policies to which you may be entitled or in which you may be interested.
If any provision of this document is found to be unenforceable according to its terms, all remaining provisions will continue in full force and effect. We may permit some variations from our standard agreement, but we must agree to any variation in writing either on the membership application for your account or in some other document.
As used in this document the words "we," "our," and "us" mean the financial institution and the words "you" and "your" mean the account holder(s) and anyone else with the authority to deposit, withdraw, or exercise control over the funds in the account. The headings in this document are for convenience or reference only and will not govern the interpretation of the provisions. Unless it would be inconsistent to do so, words and phrases used in this document should be construed so the singular includes the plural and the plural includes the singular.
Our bylaws, which we may amend from time to time, establish basic rules about our credit union policies and operations which affect your account and membership. You may obtain a copy of the bylaws on request. Our right to require you to give us notice of your intention to withdraw funds from your account is described in the bylaws. Unless we have agreed otherwise, you are not entitled to receive any original item after it is paid, although you may request that we send you an item(s) or a copy of an item(s). Dividends are based on current earnings and available earnings of the credit union, after providing for required reserves.
You agree, for yourself (and the person or entity you represent if you sign as a representative of another) to the terms of this account and the schedule of charges. You authorize us to deduct these charges directly from the account balance as accrued. You will pay any additional reasonable charges for services you request which are not covered by this agreement.
Each of you also agrees to be jointly and severally (individually) liable for any account shortage resulting from charges or overdrafts, whether caused by you or another with access to this account. This liability is due immediately, and can be deducted directly from the account balance whenever sufficient funds are available. You have no right to defer payment of this liability, and you are liable regardless of whether you signed the item or benefited from the charge or overdraft. You will also be liable for our costs to collect the deficit as well as for our reasonable attorneys' fees, to the extent permitted by law, whether incurred as a result of collection or in any other dispute involving your account including, but not limited to, disputes between you and another joint owner; you and an authorized signer or similar party; or a third party claiming an interest in your account.
We will give only provisional credit until collection is final for any items, other than cash, we accept for deposit (including items drawn "on us"). Before settlement of any item becomes final, we act only as your agent, regardless of the form of endorsement or lack of endorsement on the item and even though we provide you provisional credit for the item. We may reverse any provisional credit for items that are lost, stolen, or returned. Actual credit for deposits of, or payable in, foreign currency will be at the exchange rate in effect on final collection in U.S. dollars. We are not responsible for transactions by mail or outside depository until we actually record them. We will treat and record all transactions received after our "daily cutoff time" on a business day we are open, or received on a day we are not open for business, as if initiated on the next business day that we are open. At our option, we may take an item for collection rather than for deposit. If we accept a third-party check for deposit, we may require any third-party endorsers to verify or guarantee their endorsements, or endorse in our presence.
Unless clearly indicated otherwise on the account records, any of you, acting alone, who signs in the space designated for signatures on the membership application, or has authority to make withdrawals, may withdraw or transfer all or any part of the account balance at any time. Each of you (until we receive written notice to the contrary) authorizes each other person signing the membership application, or has authority to make withdrawals, to endorse any item payable to you or your order for deposit to this account or any other transaction with us.
A postdated check is one which bears a date later than the date on which the check is written. We may properly pay and charge your account for a postdated check even though payment was made before the date of the check, unless we have received written notice of the postdating in time to have a reasonable opportunity to act.
Checks and Withdrawal Rules
If you do not purchase your check blanks from us, you must be certain that we approve the check blanks you purchase. We may refuse any withdrawal or transfer request which you attempt on forms not approved by us or by any method we do not specifically permit. We may refuse any withdrawal or transfer request which is greater in number than the frequency permitted, or which is for an amount greater or less than any withdrawal limitations. We will use the date the transaction is completed by us (as opposed to the date you initiate it) to apply the frequency limitations. If we are presented with an item drawn against your account that would be a "substitute check" as defined by law, but for an error of defect in the item introduced in the substitute check creation process, you agree that we may pay such item. See the funds availability policy disclosure for information about when you can withdraw funds you deposit. For those accounts to which our funds availability policy disclosure does not apply, you can ask us when you make a deposit when those funds will be available for withdrawal. In addition, we may place limitations on the account until your identity is verified.
You understand that we may, at our discretion, honor withdrawal requests that overdraw your account. However, the fact that we may honor withdrawal requests that overdraw the account balance does not obligate us to do so later. You agree that we may charge fees for overdrafts and use subsequent deposits, including direct deposits of social security or other government benefits to cover such overdrafts and overdraft fees.
Even if we honor a nonconforming request, we are not required to do so later. We may treat continued abuse of the stated limitations (if any) as your act of closing the account, or we may at our option reclassify your account as a transaction account. If we reclassify your account, your account will be subject to the fees and earnings rules of the new account classification. The fact that we may honor withdrawal requests that overdraw the account balance does not obligate us to do so later.
The credit union is under no obligation to pay a check which exceeds the balance in the account or a check on which the date is more than six months old. Withdrawals will first be made from collected funds, and we may, unless prohibited by law or our written policy, refuse any withdrawal request against uncollected funds, even if our general practice is to the contrary. Withdrawals from a share certificate prior to maturity or prior to the expiration of any notice period may be restricted and may be subject to penalty. See your notice of penalties for early withdrawal.
Ownership of Account and Beneficiary Designation
These rules apply to this account depending on the form of ownership and beneficiary designation, if any, specified on the account records. We reserve the right to refuse some forms of ownership on any or all of our accounts. We make no representations as to the appropriateness or effect of the ownership and beneficiary designations, except as they determine to whom we pay the account funds.
Accounts for Minors
For any account established by or for a minor (up to age eighteen), the credit union reserves the right to require the minor account owner to have a joint account owner who is at least eighteen years of age, who shall be primarily liable to the credit union for any returned item, overdraft, or unpaid charges or amounts on such account.
An individual account is an account in the name of one person.
Joint Account - With Survivorship (And Not As Tenants In Common)
A joint account is an account in the name of two or more persons. Each of you intend that when you die the balance in the account (subject to any previous pledge to which we have agreed) will belong to the survivor(s). If two or more of you survive, you will own the balance in the account as joint tenants with survivorship and not as tenants in common. Joint checking accounts require the same joint ownership of the share savings account.
Accounts may be opened by a person acting in a fiduciary capacity. This account may be opened and maintained by a person or persons named as a trustee under a written trust agreement, or as executors, administrators, or conservators under court orders. You understand that by merely opening such an account, we are not acting in the capacity of a trustee in connection with the trust nor do we undertake any obligation to monitor or enforce the terms of the trust or letters.
The credit union may act only as a depository for a trust account, not as the trustee. Unlike a bank trust department a credit union cannot be an administrator of a trust. Our only purpose is to act as a depository for the trust. No loans will be granted on these accounts and they cannot maintain IRA funds. The credit union will take in the funds, and the only person(s) authorized to make withdrawals will be the Trustee(s). Special care must be taken to insure that only authorized persons are allowed access to the account and transacts business as a trustee. If the trustee makes a withdrawal, they must sign voucher, "John Doe Trust by John Doe, Trustee."
POD Account Designations
A Payable on Death (POD) account designation is an instruction to the Credit Union that a single or multiple party account so designated is payable to the owner(s) during his, her or their lifetimes and, when the last account owner dies, is payable to any named and surviving POD beneficiary/payee. Accounts payable to more than one POD beneficiary/payee are owned jointly, in equal shares, by such beneficiaries with rights of survivorship. Any POD beneficiary/payee designation shall not apply to IRA accounts which shall be governed by a separate beneficiary designation. We are not obligated to notify any beneficiary/payee of the existence of any account or the vesting of the beneficiary's/payee's interest in any account, except as otherwise provided by law.
A court authorized Guardianship designation on an account is an instruction to the Credit Union that the courts have authorized another person to make transactions as Guardian for the account owner regarding the accounts designated. Transaction will be signed John Doe, Guardian for Jane Doe. A Guardian has no ownership interest in the account(s) or Credit Union voting rights. We have no duty to inquire about the use or purpose of any transaction made by the Guardian.
A court authorized Estate designation on an account is an instruction to the Credit Union that the courts have authorized a legal representative of an estate to make transactions on the accounts designated. Transaction will be signed John Doe, Administrator or John Doe, Executor, as applicable. The Administrator or Executor has no ownership interest in the account(s) or Credit Union voting rights. We have no duty to inquire about the use or purpose of any transaction made by the legal representative.
Business, Organization and Association Accounts
Earnings in the form of interest, dividends, or credits will be paid only on collected funds, unless otherwise provided by law or our policy. We may require the governing body of the entity opening the account to give us a separate authorization telling us who is authorized to act on its behalf. We will honor the authorization until we actually receive written notice of a change from the governing body of the entity. Accounts held in the name of a member, organization, or association for business purposes are subject to the same terms set forth in this Agreement and the following additional rules. The credit union will require that third party checks payable to a business be deposited to a business account.
Unless otherwise provided, the rules in this section cover stopping payment of items such as checks and drafts. Rules for stopping payment of other types of transfers of funds, such as consumer electronic fund transfers, may be established by law or our policy. If we have not disclosed these rules to you elsewhere, you may ask us about those rules.
We may accept an order to stop payment on any item from any one of you. You must make any stop-payment order in the manner required by law and we must receive it in time to give us a reasonable opportunity to act on it before our stop-payment cutoff time.
When you place your stop-payment order we will tell you what information we need to stop payment. This information must be exact since stop-payment orders are handled by computers. If your information is not exact your order will not be effective and we will not be responsible for failure to stop payment.
You may stop payment on any item drawn on your account, whether you sign the item or not, if you have an equal or greater right to withdraw from this account than the person who signed the item. Generally, if your stop-payment order is given to us in writing it is effective for six months. Your order will lapse after that time if you do not renew the order in writing before the end of the six-month period. If the original stop-payment order was verbal your stop-payment order will lapse after 14 calendar days if you do not confirm your order in writing within that time period. We are not obligated to notify you when a stop-payment order expires. A release of the stop-payment request may be made only by the person who initiated the stop-payment order.
If you stop payment on an item and we incur any damages or expenses because of the stop payment, you agree to indemnify us for those damages or expenses, including attorneys' fees. You assign to us all rights against the payee or any other holder of the item. You agree to cooperate with us in any legal actions that we may take against such persons. You should be aware that anyone holding the item may be entitled to enforce payment against you despite the stop-payment order.
Our stop-payment cutoff time is one hour after the opening of the next banking day after the banking day on which we receive the stop payment order. Additional limitations on our obligation to stop payment are provided by law (e.g., we paid the item in cash or we certified the item). You may not stop payment on any certified check. We have no obligation to stop a Credit Union teller's check obtained by you since generally payment of this type of check drawn on the Credit Union account is considered guaranteed funds. We will attempt to stop payment in the event that you report the check to be lost or stolen.
A telephone transfer of funds from this account to another account with us, if otherwise arranged for or permitted, may be made by the same persons and under the same conditions generally applicable to withdrawals made in writing. Unless a different limitation is disclosed in writing, we restrict the number of transfers from a savings account to another account or to third parties, to a maximum of six per month (less the number of "preauthorized transfers" during the month). Other account transfer restrictions may be described elsewhere.
Amendments and Termination
We may change our bylaws and any term of this agreement. Rules governing changes in rates are provided separately in the Truth-in-Savings disclosure or in another document. For other changes we will give you reasonable notice in writing or by any other method permitted by law. We may close this account if your membership in the credit union terminates, or by giving reasonable notice to you and tender of the account balance personally or by mail. Items presented for payment after the account is closed may be dishonored. When you close your account, you are responsible for leaving enough money in the account to cover any outstanding items and charges to be paid from the account. Reasonable notice depends on the circumstances, and in some cases such as when we cannot verify your identity or we suspect fraud, it might be reasonable for us to give you notice after the change or account closure becomes effective. For instance, if we suspect fraudulent activity with respect to your account, we might immediately freeze or close your account and then give you notice. At our option, we may suspend your rights to member services if you violate the terms of this agreement. You must keep us informed of your current address at all times. Notice from us to any one of you is notice to all of you. If we have notified you of a change in any term of your account and you continue to have your account after the effective date of the change, you have agreed to the new term(s).
We may suspend your account at any time without notice to you or may require you to close your account and apply for a new account if: (1) there has been a forgery or fraud reported or committed involving your account; (2) there is a dispute as to the ownership of the account or of the funds in the account; (3) any checks are lost or stolen; (4) there are excessive returned unpaid items not covered by an overdraft protection plan; (5) there has been any misrepresentation or any other abuse of any of your accounts; or (6) we reasonably deem it necessary to prevent a loss to us. We are not responsible for payment of any check, withdrawal or other item after your account is terminated; however, if we pay an item after your account is terminated, you agree to reimburse us. You may terminate your membership at the Credit Union after giving written notice of your intent to withdraw from membership. We may deny all services with the exception of your base share account and your voting rights, for any reason allowed by applicable law, including failure to comply with our bylaws; causing a loss to the membership; causing willful destruction or damage to Credit Union property or acting without civility in dealings with Credit Union members, officers and employees.
Your Duty to Report Unauthorized Signatures, Alterations and Forgeries.
You must examine your statement of account with "reasonable promptness." If you discover (or reasonably should have discovered) any unauthorized signatures or alterations, you must promptly notify us of the relevant facts. As between you and us, if you fail to do either of these duties, you will have to either share the loss with us, or bear the loss entirely yourself (depending on whether we used ordinary care and, if not, whether we substantially contributed to the loss). The loss could be not only with respect to items on the statement but other items with unauthorized signatures or alterations by the same wrongdoer.
You agree that the time you have to examine your statement and report to us will depend on the circumstances, but will not, in any circumstance, exceed a total of 30 days from when the statement is first sent or made available to you.
You further agree that if you fail to report any unauthorized signatures, alterations, or forgeries, or any other errors in your account within 60 days of when we first send or make the statement available, you cannot assert a claim against us on any items in that statement, and as between you and us the loss will be entirely yours. This 60-day limitation is without regard to whether we used ordinary care. The limitation in this paragraph is in addition to that contained in the first paragraph of this section.
Your Duty to Report Other Errors
In addition to your duty to review your statements for unauthorized signatures, alterations and forgeries, you agree to examine your statement with reasonable promptness for any other error - such as an encoding error. You agree that the time you have to examine your statement and report to us will depend on the circumstances. However, such time period shall not exceed 60 days. Failure to examine your statement and report any such errors to us within 60 days of when we first send or make the statement available precludes you from asserting a claim against us for any such errors on items identified in that statement and as between you and us the loss will be entirely yours.
Errors Relating to Electronic Fund Transfers or Substitute Checks
For information on errors relating to electronic fund transfers (e.g., computer, debit card or ATM transactions) refer to your Electronic Fund Transfers disclosure and the sections on consumer liability and error resolution. For information on errors relating to a substitute check you received, refer to your disclosure entitled Substitute Checks and Your Rights.
This account may not be transferred or assigned without our prior written consent.
If, in connection with a direct deposit plan, we deposit any amount in an account which should have been returned to the Federal Government for any reason, you authorize us to deduct the amount of our liability to the Federal Government from the account or from any other account you have with us, without prior notice and at any time, except as prohibited by law. We may also use any other legal remedy to recover the amount of our liability.
Right to Repayment of Indebtedness
You each agree that we may (without prior notice and when permitted by law) charge against and deduct from this account any due and payable debt owed to us now or in the future, by any of you having the right of withdrawal, to the extent of such persons' or legal entity's right to withdraw. If the debt arises from a note, "any due and payable debt" includes the total amount of which we are entitled to demand payment under the terms of the note at the time we charge the account, including any balance the due date for which we properly accelerate under the note.
In addition to these contract rights, we may also have rights under a "statutory lien." A "lien" on property is a creditor's right to obtain ownership of the property in the event a debtor defaults on a debt. A "statutory lien" is one created by federal or state statute. If federal or state law provides us with a statutory lien, then we are authorized to apply, without prior notice, your shares and dividends to any debt you owe us, in accord with the statutory lien.
Neither our contract rights nor rights under a statutory lien apply to this account if prohibited by law. For example, neither our contract rights nor rights under a statutory lien apply to this account if: (a) it is an Individual Retirement Account or similar tax-deferred account, or (b) it is a Health Savings account or other tax-favored health plan, or (c) the debt is created by a consumer credit transaction under a credit card plan (but this does not affect our rights under any consensual security interest), or (d) the debtor's right of withdrawal arises only in a representative capacity. We will not be liable for the dishonor of any check or draft when the dishonor occurs because we charge and deduct an amount you owe us from your account. You agree to hold us harmless from any claim arising as a result of our exercise of our right to repayment.
The automated processing of the large volume of checks we receive prevents us from inspecting or looking for special instructions or "restrictive legends" on every check. Examples of restrictive legends placed on checks are "must be presented within 90 days" or "not valid for more than $1,000.00." For this reason, we are not required to honor any restrictive legend placed on checks you write unless we have agreed in writing to the restriction. We are not responsible for any losses, claims, damages, or expenses that result from your placement of these or other special instructions on your checks.
Payment Order of Items
The law permits us to pay items (such as checks or drafts) drawn on your account in any order. To assist you in handling your account with us, we are providing you with the following information regarding how we process the items that you write. When processing items drawn on your account, our policy is to pay them in the order that they are received. The order in which items are paid is important if there is not enough money in your account to pay all of the items that are presented. There is no policy that is favorable in every instance. If the smallest items are paid first, you may have fewer NSF or overdraft fees, but the largest, and perhaps more important items (such as rent or mortgage payments) might not be paid. If an item is presented without sufficient funds in your account to pay it, we may, at our discretion, pay the item (creating an overdraft) or return the item (NSF). The amounts of the overdraft and NSF fees are disclosed elsewhere. By paying items in the order that we receive them, we think our policy attains a reasonable balance between minimizing additional cost to you and paying your more important items. We encourage you to make careful records and practice good account management. This will help you to avoid writing checks or drafts without sufficient funds and incurring the resulting fees.
In order to pledge all or any part of the shares in this account as collateral security to a loan or loans from the Credit Union, all said joint owners must sign. Any pledge of this account must first be satisfied before the rights of any joint account survivor becomes effective. For example, if joint tenants pledge the deposit evidenced by this agreement for a debt (i.e., uses it to secure a debt) and then one dies, (1) the surviving joint tenant's rights in this account do not take effect until the debt has been satisfied and (2) the debt may be satisfied with the funds in this account.
You authorize us, at any time, to charge you for all checks, drafts, or other orders, for the payment of money, that are drawn on us regardless of by whom or by what means the facsimile signature(s) may have been affixed so long as they resemble the facsimile signature specimen filed with us, and contain the required number of signatures for this purpose.
Powers of Attorney
We will allow agents to act on your behalf as long as a valid Power of Attorney is presented at the time of the transaction. The Credit Union reserves the right to make and keep a copy of the Power of Attorney on file or request a copy for each transaction.
We may process items mechanically by relying on the information encoded along the bottom of the items. This means that we may not individually examine all of your items to determine if the item is properly completed, signed and indorsed. You agree that we have not failed to exercise ordinary care solely because we use an automated system to process items and do not inspect all items processed in such a manner. We reserve the right not to inspect each item because using an automated process helps us keep costs down for you and all account holders. We may determine the amount of available funds in your account for the purpose of deciding whether to return an item for insufficient funds at any time between the time we receive the item and when we return the item or send a notice in lieu of return. We need only make one determination, but if we choose to make a subsequent determination, the account balance at the subsequent time will determine whether there are insufficient available funds.
We may charge a fee for anyone that does not have an account with us who is cashing a check, draft or other instrument written on your account. We may also require reasonable identification to cash such a check, draft or other instrument. We can decide what identification is reasonable under the circumstances and such identification may be documentary or physical and may include collecting a thumbprint or fingerprint.
ACH and Wire Transfers
This agreement is subject to Article 4A of the Uniform Commercial Code - Fund Transfers as adopted in the state in which you have your account with us. If you originate a fund transfer for which Fedwire is used and you identify by name and number a beneficiary financial institution, an intermediary financial institution or a beneficiary, we and every receiving or beneficiary financial institution may rely on the identifying number to make payment. We may rely on the number even if it identifies a financial institution, person or account other than the one named. You agree to be bound by automated clearing house association rules. These rules provide, among other things, that payments made to you, or originated by you, are provisional until final settlement is made through a Federal Reserve Bank or payment is otherwise made as provided in Article 4A-403(a) of the Uniform Commercial Code. If we do not receive such payment, we are entitled to a refund from you in the amount credited to your account and the party originating such payment will not be considered to have paid the amount so credited. If we receive a payment order to credit an account you have with us by wire or ACH we are not required to give you any notice of the payment order or credit. We may require you to follow a security procedure to execute a payment order or certain electronic funds transfer transactions. We will notify you of any such security procedures and you agree that our security procedures are commercially reasonable.
Health Savings Accounts (HSA)
For your convenience, we permit you to take distributions from your HSA by check. This feature can raise a variety of tax concerns – for example getting additional cash back on an HSA checking transaction. As a result, if you have more than one account with us, it is a good practice to make sure you are using the appropriate checkbook for the transaction. Also, it is your responsibility to ensure your distributions and other actions related to the HSA comply with the law, including federal tax law, As always, we recommend consulting a legal or tax professional if you have any questions about managing your HSA. The terms of this agreement are intended to work in conjunction with the HSA Agreement provided to you earlier. In the event of a conflict, the terms of the HSA Agreement control. You understand that your HSA is intended to be used for payment of qualified medical expenses. It is your responsibility to satisfy any tax liability resulting from use of your HSA for any purpose other than the payment or reimbursement of qualified medical expenses. We do not monitor the purpose of any transaction to or from your HSA. Nor are we responsible for ensuring your eligibility for making contributions or ensuring withdrawals are used for payment or reimbursement of qualified medical expenses. Refer to your HSA Agreement for more information relating to the use of your HSA.
Revised 7/09 © 1988,1993,1996 CUPA/Bankers Systems, Inc., St Cloud, MN